Industry Acronyms

In association with Afton Chemical Corporation

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Acronym

Definition

A/F

air/fuel ratio

AAM

Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers

AAMA

American Automobile Manufacturers Association

AAR

American Association of Railroads

ABIL

agriculture-based industrial lubricants

ABOT

aluminum beaker oxidation test

ACC

American Chemistry Council

ACEA

Association des Constructeurs Européens d’Automobiles (European automobile manufacturers association)

ACERT

Advanced Combustion Emission Reduction Technology (Caterpillar)

ACS

American Chemical Society

AECC

Automobile Emissions Control by Catalyst

AFC

adaptive fuel control

AFNOR

Association Français de Normalisation (French national organization for standardization)

AFV

alternate fuel vehicle

AGMA

American Gear Manufacturers Association

AH

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

AHEM

Association of Hydraulic Equipment Manufacturers

AIAM

Association of International Automobile Manufacturers

AIChE

American Institute of Chemical Engineers

AK

antiknocks

ALAPCO

Association of Local Air Pollution Control Officials

ALI

AutoResearch Laboratories Inc.

ANFAVEA

Brazil Auto Manufacturers Association

ANIQ

Asociación Nacional de la Industria Química (Mexican equivalent to the Chemical Manufacturers Association)

ANPRM

advance notice of proposed rulemaking (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AO

antioxidant

AOCS

American Oil Chemists’ Society

APBF-DEC

Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels - Diesel Emission Control program

APE

Association of Petroleum Engineers

API

American Petroleum Institute

API SJ

API motor oil quality level for 2001 and older automotive engines

API SL

API motor oil quality level for 2004 and older automotive engines

API SM

API motor oil quality level for 2010 and older automotive engines

API SN

API motor oil quality level first licensed October 1, 2010

APRAC

Air Pollution Research Advisory Committee

AQIRP

Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program

AQL

acceptable quality levels

ARB

Air Resources Board (California)

ASLE

American Society of Lubrication Engineers

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASTM

Now ASTM International, formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials

ATA

American Trucking Association

ATC

Additive Technical Committee (Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe)

ATD

Allison Transmission Division of GM

ATF

automatic transmission fluid

ATIEL

Association Technique de I’Industrie Européenne des Lubrifiants (European Oil Marketers Association)

AW

anti-wear

AWD

all-wheel drive

bbl

Barrel

bhp-hr

brake horsepower hour

BIA

Boating Industry Association (now National Marine Manufacturers Association)

BLF

British Lubricants Federation

BNP

Bureau de Normalisation des Pétroles (French petroleum standardization bureau)

BOCLE

ball on cylinder lubricity evaluator

BOI

base oil interchange

BOTD

ball on three disks

BOTS

ball on three seats

BSFC

brake specific fuel consumption

BSI

British Standards Institution

BTC

British Technical Council of the Motor and Petroleum Industries

BTU

British thermal unit

C-4

Allison ATF specification

CAA

Clean Air Act

CAAA

Clean Air Act Amendment

CAFE

corporate average fuel economy

CARB

California Air Resources Board

CASAC

Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee

CCB

combustion by-products

CCD

combustion chamber deposits

CCDI

combustion chamber deposit interference

CCE

climate change emissions

CCMC

Comité des Constructeurs d’Automobiles du Marché Commun (predecessor of ACEA)

CCPA

Canadian Chemical Producers Association

CCR

Conradson carbon residue

CCS

cold crank simulator

CD-2/CF-2

API 2-stroke diesel engine oil specification

CDP

candidate data package

CEC

California Energy Commission

CEC

Coordinating European Council

CE-CERT

College of Engineering, Center for Environmental Research and Technology of University of California, Riverside

CEED

Center for Energy and Economic Development

CEFIC

Conseil Européen des Federations de l’Industrie Chimique (European Chemical Industry Council)

CEN

Conseil Européen de Normalisation (European Committee for Standardization)

CEPA

Canadian Environmental Protection Act

CES

Cummins Engineering Specification

CFI

cold flow improver

CFPP

cold filter plugging point

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations (U.S.)

CFR

Coordinating Fuel and Equipment Research Committee

CFV

clean fuel vehicle

CG

conventional gasoline

CGSB

Canadian General Standards Board

CH-4

API heavy-duty engine oil specification

CI

cetane index

CIDI

compression ignition direct injection (diesel)

CIFER

Colorado Institute for Fuels and High Altitude Research

CIMAC

Congrès International des Machines à Combustion (International Council on Combustion Engines)

CLR

Committee on Lubricants Research

CM

Cincinnati Milacron

CMA

Chemical Manufacturers Association

CMAQ

Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program

CN

cetane number

CNG

compressed natural gas

CNPC

China National Petroleum Corporation

COC

Cleveland open cup method

CONCAWE

Conservation of Clean Air and Water-Europe

COP

Code of Practice

CPC

Chinese Petroleum Corporation

CPPI

Canadian Petroleum Products Institute

CRADA

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement

CRC

Coordinating Research Council, Inc.

CRDPF

continuously regenerating diesel particulate filter

CRT

constantly regenerating trap

cSt

centiStokes

CSTCC

continuously slipping torque converter clutch

CVMA

Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association

CVS

constant volume sampling

CVT

continuously variable transmission

DAP

Detroit Advisory Panel of the American Petroleum Institute

DCC

DaimlerChrysler Corporation

DCT

dual clutch transmission

DDC

Detroit Diesel Corp.

DEER

Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (Conference)

DEOAP

Diesel Engine Oil Advisory Panel (American Petroleum Institute/Engine Manufacturers Assocation)

DETA

diethylene triamine

DEXRON

General Motors automatic transmission fluid specification

DFA

diesel fuel additive

DHYCA

Direction des Hydrocarbures et des Carburants (French Ministry of Industry)

DI

detergent inhibitor

DI

direct injection

DI

drivability index

DII

diesel ignition improver

DIN

Deutsches Institut für Normung (German Institute for Standardization)

DISI

direct injection spark ignition

DKA

Deutscher Koordinieungsausschuss (German Coordination Committee)

DME

dimethyl ether

DOC

diesel oxidation catalyst

DOCP

dispersant olefin copolymer

DOD

Department of Defense

DOE

Department of Energy

DOT

Department of Transportation

DPF

diesel particulate filter

DPMA

dispersant polymethacrylate

DPNA

Diesel Particulate NOx Reduction (Toyota)

DSP

dual spark engine

DTBP

di-tert-butyl phenol

EC

Environment Canada

EC

European Community

EC

Environmental Council (Japan)

ECCC

electronically controlled converter clutch

ECE

Economic Commission for Europe

EC-II

Energy Conserving-II (engine oil designation)

ECM

electronic control module

ECU

electronic control units

EEB

European Environmental Bureau

EEC

European Economic Community

EELQMS

European Engine Lubricant Quality Management System

EFTC

Engine Fuels Technical Committee (Coordinating European Council)

EGR

exhaust gas recirculation

EHS

extremely hazardous substance

EIA

Energy Information Administration (U.S. Department of Energy)

ELTC

Engine Lubricant Technical Committee (Coordinating European Council)

EMA

Engine Manufacturers Association

EO-L/M

Mack heavy-duty diesel engine oil specifications

EOLCS

Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System (API)

EP

end point

EP

extreme pressure

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.)

EPACT

Energy Policy Act

EPEFE

European Programme on Emissions, Fuels and Engine Technologies

EPRI

Electric Power Research Institute

ERC

emissions reduction credits

ERC

Environmental Research Consortium

ESI

extended service interval

ESP

electrostatic precipitator

ETBE

ethyl-t-butyl ether

ETLP

Engine Tests of Lubricants Panel (International Petroleum)

ETS

Engineering Test Services

ETV

Environmental Technology Verification program (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

EU

European Union

EUROPIA

European Petroleum Industry Association

EV

electric vehicle

EVA

ethyl vinyl acetate

FATG

Fuel Additives Task Group (Chemical Manufacturers Association)

FBC

fuel borne catalyst

FBP

final boiling point

FBRU

fuel boiling range unleaded gasoline

FCC

fluid catalytic cracker

FCF

fuel correction factor

FE

fuel economy

FEL

family emission limit

FERC

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

FFV

flexible fueled vehicle

FIP

Federal Implementation Plan

FQP

Fuel Quality Position (Engine Manufacturers Association)

FT

Fischer-Tropsch process

FTC

Federal Trade Commission (U.S.)

FTP

Federal Test Procedure (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

FWD

front- or four-wheel drive

FZG

Forschungsstelle für Zahnräder und Getriebebau (German technical institute for the study of gears and drive mechanisms, Technical University in Munich)

GAO

General Accounting Office (U.S.)

GATC

gross additive treat cost

GDI

gasoline direct injection

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GDTC

gross delivered treating cost

GEO

natural gas engine oil

GF-2/3

passenger car motor oil classifications (ILSAC) prior to 2004

GF-4

passenger car motor oil classification (ILSAC) from 2004 through Sept 30, 2011

GF-5

passenger car motor oil classification (ILSAC) first licensed Oct 1, 2010

GFC

Groupement Français de Coordination (French coordination group for fuel, lubricant and other automotive fluid performance tests)

GHG

greenhouse gas

GL-4/5

gear service characteristics (American Petroleum Institute)

GM

General Motors

GMOT

General Motors oxidation test

GO-J

Mack gear oil specification

GPA

gasoline performance additives

GPS

global positioning system

GRPE

Groupe de Rapporteurs pour la Pollution et l'Énergie (French pollution and energy group)

GSA

General Services Administration (U.S.)

GTAB

gasoline treated as blend stock

GTL

gas to liquids

GVW

gross vehicle weight

HAPEM

Hazardous Air Pollution Exposure Model

HCCI

homogeneous charge compression ignition

HDD

heavy-duty diesel

HDDO

heavy-duty diesel oil

HDDT

heavy-duty diesel trucks

HDE

heavy-duty engine

HDGT

heavy-duty gasoline trucks

HDMO

Heavy duty motor (diesel engine) oil

HDT

heavy-duty trucks

HDVIP

Heavy Duty Vehicle Inspection Program

HEFCAD

high energy, friction characteristics and durability

HEI

Health Effects Institute

HEUI

hydraulically operated, electronically controlled unit injectors

HF-O/1/2

hydraulic fluid specifications (Denison)

HFRR

high frequency reciprocating rig test

HHDV

heavy-heavy diesel vehicle

HHO

home heating oil

HTHSRV

high temperature high shear rate viscosity

HWBF

High water-based fluid

I/M, I&M

inspection and maintenance

IAOGP

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers

IBP

initial boiling point

IC

internal combustion

IChemE

Institute of Chemical Engineers (U.K.)

ICP

inductively coupled plasma

IDI

indirect injection

IEA

International Energy Agency

IFP

Institut Français du Pétrole (French Petroleum Institute)

ILEV

inherently low-emission vehicle

ILMA

Independent Lubricant Manufacturers Association

ILSAC

International Lubricant Standardization and Advisory Committee

IMO

International Maritime Organization

IP

Institute of Petroleum (U.K.)

IPIECA

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association

IPTO

independent power take-off

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISTEA

Intermodal Surface Transportation Act (U.S.)

IVD

intake valve deposit

IVDT

intake valve deposit test

IVHS

Intelligent Vehicle Highway System

JAMA

Japanese Automobile Manufacturers Association

JARI

Japanese Automotive Research Institute

JASO

Japanese Automotive Standards Organization

JAST

Japanese Society of Tribologists

JCAP

Japan Clean Air Program

JD

John Deere

JIS

Japanese Industrial Standards

JPI

Japanese Petroleum Institute

JSAE

Japanese Society of Automotive Engineers

LAC

lowest additive concentration

LAO

Linear alpha olefin

LCO

light cycle oil

LDT

light duty truck

LDV

light duty vehicle

LEV

low-emission vehicle

LMOA

Locomotive Maintenance Officers Association

LNC

lean NOx catalyst

LNG

liquefied natural gas

LNT

lean NOx trap

LRI

Lubricant Review Institute

LS

limited slip

LSC

Lubricant Standards Committee

LSD

low sulfur diesel

LSR

light straight run gasoline

LSRD

low sulfur road diesel

LTCD

Light Truck Clean Diesel

LTFT

low temperature flow test

MAAG

Monitoring Agency Advisory Group (Chemical Manufacturers Association)

MACT

maximum achievable control technology

MAD

mileage accumulation dynamometer

MB

Mercedes-Benz

MECA

Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association

MERCON

Ford automatic transmission fluid specification

MIL

malfunction indicator light

MIL

Military Specification

MIRA

Motor Industry Research Association (U.K.)

MITI

Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Japan)

MMT

methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl

MOA

memorandum of agreement

MOBILE

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s vehicle emission factor model (now replaced by the MOVES model)

MOD

Ministry of Defense (UK)

MOE

Ministry of Energy (UK)

MOL

Ministry of Labor (Japan)

MON

motor octane number

MOT

Ministry of Transport (UK)

MOU

memorandum of understanding

MOVES

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s official model for estimating emissions from cars, trucks and motorcycles

MPG

miles per gallon

MSAT

mobile source air toxic

MSDS

material safety data sheet (replaced by safety data sheets (SDS) within the Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Communication)

MT

metric ton

MTAC

Multiple Test Acceptance Criteria

MTBE

methyl-t-butyl ether

MVEG

Motor Vehicle Emissions Group

MVMA

Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association

MY

model year

NAAQS

National Ambient Air Quality Standard (U.S.)

NACE

National Association of Corrosion Engineers

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NAMVECC

North American Motor Vehicle Emissions Control Conference

NATC

net additive treat cost

NCAT

non-catalyst equipped vehicle

NCDT

New Category Development Team (American Petroleum Institute/Engine Manufacturers Association)

NCET

New Category Evaluation Team (American Petroleum Institute/Engine Manufacturers Association)

NCM

National Comite Motorproeven (Netherlands)

NCP

Non-conformance Penalties (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

NCRP

National Cooperative Research Program

NCWM

National Conference on Weights and Measures

NDOCP

nondispersant olefin copolymer

NDTC

net delivered treat cost

NEB

National Environmental Board (Thailand)

NEDO

New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (Japan)

NEFI

New England Fuel Institute

NESCAUM

Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management

NGEO

natural gas engine oil

NGVA

Natural Gas Vehicle Association

NHTSA

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (U.S.)

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)

NLEV

national low-emission vehicle (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

NLGI

National Lubricating Grease Institute (U.S.)

NMHC

non-methane hydrocarbons

NMMA

National Marine Manufacturers Association

NMOG

non-methane organic gases

NORA

National Oil Recyclers Association

NOx

nitrogen oxide

NPRA

National Petrochemical & Refiners Association (U.S.)

NPRM

notice of proposed rulemaking (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

NRC

Natural Resources Canada

NRCC

National Research Council of Canada

NREL

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)

NSPS

New Source Performance Standard (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

NUTEK

Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth

NVFEL

National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

NVFL

National Vehicle and Fuel Lab (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

OBD

on-board diagnostic

OBD-II

on-board diagnostic II

OCP

olefin copolymer

ODI

oil drain interval

OECA

Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

OEM

original equipment manufacturer

OFA

Oxygenated Fuels Association

OMB

Office of Management and Budget (U.S.)

OMS

Office of Mobile Sources (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

ORD

octane requirement decrease

ORD

Office of Research and Development (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

ORI

octane requirement increase

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (U.S.)

OTA

Office of Technology Assessment (U.S. Department of Energy)

OTAG

Ozone Transport Assessment Group

OTAQ

Office of Transportation and Air Quality (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

OTC

Ozone Transport Commission

OXCAT

oxidation catalyst

PADD

Petroleum Administration for Defense District (U.S.)

PAG

Polyalkylene glycol

PAH

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PAJ

Petroleum Association of Japan

PAO

polyalphaolefin

PAPTG

Product Approval Protocol Task Group (Chemical Manufacturers Association)

PBA

polybutene amine

PC

proposed classification

PCB

Polychlorinated biphenyl

PCEO

passenger car engine oil

PCFV

Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles

PCMO

passenger car motor oil

PCTFE

Polychlorotrifluoroethylene

PCV

positive crankcase ventilation

PDS

product data sheet

PDVSA

Petroleos de Venezuela (Venezuelan state oil and natural gas company)

PE

Pentaerythritol

PEA

polyether amine

PERT

Pilot Emission Reduction Trading Project

PFI

port fuel injection

PFPE

Perfluoroalkylpolyether

PIB

polyisobutylene

PIBA

polyisobutylene amine

PIBSA

polyisobutyl succinic anhydride

PM

particulate matter

PM

Pensky-Martin

PM

preventive maintenance

PM10

particulate matter less than 10 microns diameter

PM2.5

particulate matter less than 2.5 microns diameter

PMA

polymethacrylate

PMAA

Petroleum Marketers Association of America

PNA

polynuclear aromatic

PNGV

Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (U.S.)

PO

Propylene oxide

POP

population of vehicles

PPA

Polyphthalamide

PPD

pour point depressant

ppm

parts per million

PSIP

Periodic Smoke Inspection Program

PTB

pounds per 1,000 barrels

PTIT

Petroleum Technical Institute of Thailand

PTO

Power take-off

PTT

Petroleum Authority of Thailand

PUL

premium unleaded gasoline

PVL

permanent viscosity loss

PZEV

Partial zero emitting vehicle

QPL

Qualified Products List (U.S. military)

R&O

rust and oxidation

RACT

reasonably available control technology

RAF

reactivity adjustment factor

RBOB

reformulated (gasoline) blendstock for oxygenate blending

RBOT

rotating bomb oxidation test

RFA

Renewable Fuels Association

RFG

reformulated gasoline

RME

rapeseed methyl ester

ROG

reactive organic gases

RON

research octane number

RSI

Registration Systems, Inc. (Chemical Manufacturers Association monitoring agency)

RUL

regular unleaded gasoline

RVP

Reid vapor pressure

RWD

rear-wheel drive

SAE

Society of Automotive Engineers

SASH

sulfated ash

SBE

severity bias estimate

SCAQM

South Coast Air Quality Management (California)

SCF

speed correction factors

SCOWT

sprig clutch overrunning wear test

SCPI

Sequential Central Port Injector

SCR

selective catalytic reduction

SDS

safety data sheet

SEA

Selective Enforcement Audit

SHED

sealed housing evaporative determination

SIB

sulfurized isobutylene

SIDI

spark ignition direct injection

SIGMA

Society of Independent Gasoline Marketers of America

SIP

State Implementation Plan

SMR

Svenska Mekanisters Riksforenig (Swedish association of mechanical engineers)

SNPRM

supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

SNV

Schweizeische Normenvereiniung (Swiss Association for Standardization)

SOF

soluble organic fraction

SSU

Saybolt Second Universal (same as SUS)

STAPPA

State and Territorial Air Pollution Program Administration

STLE

Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers

STOU

super tractor oil universal

SULEV

super ultra-low emission vehicle

SUS

Saybolt Universal Second (same as SSU)

SUV

sport utility vehicle

SwRI

Southwest Research Institute

TAC

toxic air contaminant

TAG

Technical Advisory Group (Chemical Manufacturers Association)

TAN

total acid number

TBD

thousand barrels per day

TBI

throttle body injection

TBN

total base number

TCF

temperature correction factors

TCW-3

water cooled 2-cycle engine oil specification

TDC

top dead center

TEL

tetraethyl lead

TEOST

thermal-oxidation engine oil simulation test

TERP

Texas Emissions Reduction Program

TFB

Swedish transport research board

TFOUT

thin film oxygen uptake test

TGF

top groove fill

THF

tractor hydraulic fluid

THOT

turbo hydramatic oxidation test

TISI

Thailand Industrial Standards Institute

TLEV

transitional low-emission vehicle

TMA

Truck Manufacturers Association

TMC

Test Monitoring Center (ASTM)

TMC

The Maintenance Council

TME

tall methyl ester

TO-2/4

Caterpillar transmission oil specification

TOG

total organic gases

TOST

turbine oxidation stability test

TOU

tractor oil universal

TO-X

heavy-duty diesel engine oil specification

TRC

Transportation Research Center

TRI

Toxic Release Inventory (U.S.)

TTC

Transportation Technology Center (Association of American Railroads)

TUV

Technischer überwachungs Verien (German association for technical inspection)

TVL

temporary viscosity loss

TWD

total weighted demerit

UEIL

Union Européenne des Indépendants en Lubrifiants (European union of independent lubricant manufacturers)

UKOIA

U.K. Oil Independents Association

UKPIA

U.K. Petroleum Industry Association

UL

unleaded gasoline

ULEV

ultra low emission vehicle

ULSD

ultra low sulfur diesel

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

USCAR

United States Council for Automotive Research

USLD

ultra low sulfur diesel

USS

U.S. Steel

UTF

universal tractor fluid

UTTO

universal tractor transmission oil

VGO

vacuum gas oil

VGRA

viscosity grade read across

VI

viscosity index

VII

viscosity index improver

VMT

vehicle miles traveled

VOC

volatile organic compound

VOF

volatile organic fraction

VTEC

variable valve timing and lift electronic control

VTWT

valve train wear test

VVT

variable valve timing

WSIM

water separation index modified

WSPA

Western States Petroleum Association

WSSD

World Summit on Sustainable Development

ZDP/ZDTP

zinc dithiophosphate

ZEV

zero emission vehicle

ZF

ZF Friedrichshafen (pronounced "Zed F," German gear manufacturer)

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Fax: +1 703-536-0803

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7389 Lee Highway Suite 300
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