Industry Acronyms

In association with Afton Chemical Corporation

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Acronym Definition
A/F air/fuel ratio
AAM Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers
AAMA American Automobile Manufacturers Association
AAR American Association of Railroads
ABIL agriculture-based industrial lubricants
ABOT aluminum beaker oxidation test
ACC American Chemistry Council
ACEA Association des Constructeurs Européens d’Automobiles (European automobile manufacturers association)
ACERT Advanced Combustion Emission Reduction Technology (Caterpillar)
ACS American Chemical Society
AECC Automobile Emissions Control by Catalyst
AFC adaptive fuel control
AFNOR Association Français de Normalisation (French national organization for standardization)
AFV alternate fuel vehicle
AGMA American Gear Manufacturers Association
AH Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
AHEM Association of Hydraulic Equipment Manufacturers
AIAM Association of International Automobile Manufacturers
AIChE American Institute of Chemical Engineers
AK antiknocks
ALAPCO Association of Local Air Pollution Control Officials
ALI AutoResearch Laboratories Inc.
ANFAVEA Brazil Auto Manufacturers Association
ANIQ Asociación Nacional de la Industria Química (Mexican equivalent to the Chemical Manufacturers Association)
ANPRM advance notice of proposed rulemaking (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
ANSI American National Standards Institute
AO antioxidant
AOCS American Oil Chemists’ Society
APBF-DEC Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels – Diesel Emission Control program
APE Association of Petroleum Engineers
API American Petroleum Institute
API SJ API motor oil quality level for 2001 and older automotive engines
API SL API motor oil quality level for 2004 and older automotive engines
API SM API motor oil quality level for 2010 and older automotive engines
API SN API motor oil quality level first licensed October 1, 2010
APRAC Air Pollution Research Advisory Committee
AQIRP Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program
AQL acceptable quality levels
ARB Air Resources Board (California)
ASLE American Society of Lubrication Engineers
ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASTM Now ASTM International, formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials
ATA American Trucking Association
ATC Additive Technical Committee (Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe)
ATD Allison Transmission Division of GM
ATF automatic transmission fluid
ATIEL Association Technique de I’Industrie Européenne des Lubrifiants (European Oil Marketers Association)
AW anti-wear
AWD all-wheel drive
bbl Barrel
bhp-hr brake horsepower hour
BIA Boating Industry Association (now National Marine Manufacturers Association)
BLF British Lubricants Federation
BNP Bureau de Normalisation des Pétroles (French petroleum standardization bureau)
BOCLE ball on cylinder lubricity evaluator
BOI base oil interchange
BOTD ball on three disks
BOTS ball on three seats
BSFC brake specific fuel consumption
BSI British Standards Institution
BTC British Technical Council of the Motor and Petroleum Industries
BTU British thermal unit
C-4 Allison ATF specification
CAA Clean Air Act
CAAA Clean Air Act Amendment
CAFE corporate average fuel economy
CARB California Air Resources Board
CASAC Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee
CCB combustion by-products
CCD combustion chamber deposits
CCDI combustion chamber deposit interference
CCE climate change emissions
CCMC Comité des Constructeurs d’Automobiles du Marché Commun (predecessor of ACEA)
CCPA Canadian Chemical Producers Association
CCR Conradson carbon residue
CCS cold crank simulator
CD-2/CF-2 API 2-stroke diesel engine oil specification
CDP candidate data package
CE-CERT College of Engineering, Center for Environmental Research and Technology of University of California, Riverside
CEC California Energy Commission
CEC Coordinating European Council
CEED Center for Energy and Economic Development
CEFIC Conseil Européen des Federations de l’Industrie Chimique (European Chemical Industry Council)
CEN Conseil Européen de Normalisation (European Committee for Standardization)
CEPA Canadian Environmental Protection Act
CES Cummins Engineering Specification
CFI cold flow improver
CFPP cold filter plugging point
CFR Code of Federal Regulations (U.S.)
CFR Coordinating Fuel and Equipment Research Committee
CFV clean fuel vehicle
CG conventional gasoline
CGSB Canadian General Standards Board
CH-4 API heavy-duty engine oil specification
CI cetane index
CIDI compression ignition direct injection (diesel)
CIFER Colorado Institute for Fuels and High Altitude Research
CIMAC Congrès International des Machines à Combustion (International Council on Combustion Engines)
CLR Committee on Lubricants Research
CM Cincinnati Milacron
CMA Chemical Manufacturers Association
CMAQ Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program
CN cetane number
CNG compressed natural gas
CNPC China National Petroleum Corporation
COC Cleveland open cup method
CONCAWE Conservation of Clean Air and Water-Europe
COP Code of Practice
CPC Chinese Petroleum Corporation
CPPI Canadian Petroleum Products Institute
CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
CRC Coordinating Research Council, Inc.
CRDPF continuously regenerating diesel particulate filter
CRT constantly regenerating trap
cSt centiStokes
CSTCC continuously slipping torque converter clutch
CVMA Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association
CVS constant volume sampling
CVT continuously variable transmission
DAP Detroit Advisory Panel of the American Petroleum Institute
DCC DaimlerChrysler Corporation
DCT dual clutch transmission
DDC Detroit Diesel Corp.
DEER Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (Conference)
DEOAP Diesel Engine Oil Advisory Panel (American Petroleum Institute/Engine Manufacturers Assocation)
DETA diethylene triamine
DEXRON General Motors automatic transmission fluid specification
DFA diesel fuel additive
DHYCA Direction des Hydrocarbures et des Carburants (French Ministry of Industry)
DI detergent inhibitor
DI direct injection
DI drivability index
DII diesel ignition improver
DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung (German Institute for Standardization)
DISI direct injection spark ignition
DKA Deutscher Koordinieungsausschuss (German Coordination Committee)
DME dimethyl ether
DOC diesel oxidation catalyst
DOCP dispersant olefin copolymer
DOD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOT Department of Transportation
DPF diesel particulate filter
DPMA dispersant polymethacrylate
DPNA Diesel Particulate NOx Reduction (Toyota)
DSP dual spark engine
DTBP di-tert-butyl phenol
EC Environment Canada
EC Environmental Council (Japan)
EC European Community
EC-II Energy Conserving-II (engine oil designation)
ECCC electronically controlled converter clutch
ECE Economic Commission for Europe
ECM electronic control module
ECU electronic control units
EEB European Environmental Bureau
EEC European Economic Community
EELQMS European Engine Lubricant Quality Management System
EFTC Engine Fuels Technical Committee (Coordinating European Council)
EGR exhaust gas recirculation
EHS extremely hazardous substance
EIA Energy Information Administration (U.S. Department of Energy)
ELTC Engine Lubricant Technical Committee (Coordinating European Council)
EMA Engine Manufacturers Association
EO-L/M Mack heavy-duty diesel engine oil specifications
EOLCS Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System (API)
EP end point
EP extreme pressure
EPA Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.)
EPACT Energy Policy Act
EPEFE European Programme on Emissions, Fuels and Engine Technologies
EPRI Electric Power Research Institute
ERC emissions reduction credits
ERC Environmental Research Consortium
ESI extended service interval
ESP electrostatic precipitator
ETBE ethyl-t-butyl ether
ETLP Engine Tests of Lubricants Panel (International Petroleum)
ETS Engineering Test Services
ETV Environmental Technology Verification program (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
EU European Union
EUROPIA European Petroleum Industry Association
EV electric vehicle
EVA ethyl vinyl acetate
FATG Fuel Additives Task Group (Chemical Manufacturers Association)
FBC fuel borne catalyst
FBP final boiling point
FBRU fuel boiling range unleaded gasoline
FCC fluid catalytic cracker
FCF fuel correction factor
FE fuel economy
FEL family emission limit
FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FFV flexible fueled vehicle
FIP Federal Implementation Plan
FQP Fuel Quality Position (Engine Manufacturers Association)
FT Fischer-Tropsch process
FTC Federal Trade Commission (U.S.)
FTP Federal Test Procedure (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
FWD front- or four-wheel drive
FZG Forschungsstelle für Zahnräder und Getriebebau (German technical institute for the study of gears and drive mechanisms, Technical University in Munich)
GAO General Accounting Office (U.S.)
GATC gross additive treat cost
GDI gasoline direct injection
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GDTC gross delivered treating cost
GEO natural gas engine oil
GF-2/3 passenger car motor oil classifications (ILSAC) prior to 2004
GF-4 passenger car motor oil classification (ILSAC) from 2004 through Sept 30, 2011
GF-5 passenger car motor oil classification (ILSAC) first licensed Oct 1, 2010
GFC Groupement Français de Coordination (French coordination group for fuel, lubricant and other automotive fluid performance tests)
GHG greenhouse gas
GL-4/5 gear service characteristics (American Petroleum Institute)
GM General Motors
GMOT General Motors oxidation test
GO-J Mack gear oil specification
GPA gasoline performance additives
GPS global positioning system
GRPE Groupe de Rapporteurs pour la Pollution et l’Énergie (French pollution and energy group)
GSA General Services Administration (U.S.)
GTAB gasoline treated as blend stock
GTL gas to liquids
GVW gross vehicle weight
HAPEM Hazardous Air Pollution Exposure Model
HCCI homogeneous charge compression ignition
HDD heavy-duty diesel
HDDO heavy-duty diesel oil
HDDT heavy-duty diesel trucks
HDE heavy-duty engine
HDGT heavy-duty gasoline trucks
HDMO Heavy duty motor (diesel engine) oil
HDT heavy-duty trucks
HDVIP Heavy Duty Vehicle Inspection Program
HEFCAD high energy, friction characteristics and durability
HEI Health Effects Institute
HEUI hydraulically operated, electronically controlled unit injectors
HF-O/1/2 hydraulic fluid specifications (Denison)
HFRR high frequency reciprocating rig test
HHDV heavy-heavy diesel vehicle
HHO home heating oil
HTHSRV high temperature high shear rate viscosity
HWBF High water-based fluid
I/M, I&M inspection and maintenance
IAOGP International Association of Oil and Gas Producers
IBP initial boiling point
IC internal combustion
IChemE Institute of Chemical Engineers (U.K.)
ICP inductively coupled plasma
IDI indirect injection
IEA International Energy Agency
IFP Institut Français du Pétrole (French Petroleum Institute)
ILEV inherently low-emission vehicle
ILMA Independent Lubricant Manufacturers Association
ILSAC International Lubricant Standardization and Advisory Committee
IMO International Maritime Organization
IP Institute of Petroleum (U.K.)
IPIECA International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association
IPTO independent power take-off
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Act (U.S.)
IVD intake valve deposit
IVDT intake valve deposit test
IVHS Intelligent Vehicle Highway System
JAMA Japanese Automobile Manufacturers Association
JARI Japanese Automotive Research Institute
JASO Japanese Automotive Standards Organization
JAST Japanese Society of Tribologists
JCAP Japan Clean Air Program
JD John Deere
JIS Japanese Industrial Standards
JPI Japanese Petroleum Institute
JSAE Japanese Society of Automotive Engineers
LAC lowest additive concentration
LAO Linear alpha olefin
LCO light cycle oil
LDT light duty truck
LDV light duty vehicle
LEV low-emission vehicle
LMOA Locomotive Maintenance Officers Association
LNC lean NOx catalyst
LNG liquefied natural gas
LNT lean NOx trap
LRI Lubricant Review Institute
LS limited slip
LSC Lubricant Standards Committee
LSD low sulfur diesel
LSR light straight run gasoline
LSRD low sulfur road diesel
LTCD Light Truck Clean Diesel
LTFT low temperature flow test
MAAG Monitoring Agency Advisory Group (Chemical Manufacturers Association)
MACT maximum achievable control technology
MAD mileage accumulation dynamometer
MB Mercedes-Benz
MECA Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association
MERCON Ford automatic transmission fluid specification
MIL malfunction indicator light
MIL Military Specification
MIRA Motor Industry Research Association (U.K.)
MITI Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Japan)
MMT methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
MOA memorandum of agreement
MOBILE U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s vehicle emission factor model (now replaced by the MOVES model)
MOD Ministry of Defense (UK)
MOE Ministry of Energy (UK)
MOL Ministry of Labor (Japan)
MON motor octane number
MOT Ministry of Transport (UK)
MOU memorandum of understanding
MOVES U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s official model for estimating emissions from cars, trucks and motorcycles
MPG miles per gallon
MSAT mobile source air toxic
MSDS material safety data sheet (replaced by safety data sheets (SDS) within the Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Communication)
MT metric ton
MTAC Multiple Test Acceptance Criteria
MTBE methyl-t-butyl ether
MVEG Motor Vehicle Emissions Group
MVMA Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association
MY model year
NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standard (U.S.)
NACE National Association of Corrosion Engineers
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAMVECC North American Motor Vehicle Emissions Control Conference
NATC net additive treat cost
NCAT non-catalyst equipped vehicle
NCDT New Category Development Team (American Petroleum Institute/Engine Manufacturers Association)
NCET New Category Evaluation Team (American Petroleum Institute/Engine Manufacturers Association)
NCM National Comite Motorproeven (Netherlands)
NCP Non-conformance Penalties (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
NCRP National Cooperative Research Program
NCWM National Conference on Weights and Measures
NDOCP nondispersant olefin copolymer
NDTC net delivered treat cost
NEB National Environmental Board (Thailand)
NEDO New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (Japan)
NEFI New England Fuel Institute
NESCAUM Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management
NGEO natural gas engine oil
NGVA Natural Gas Vehicle Association
NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (U.S.)
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)
NLEV national low-emission vehicle (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
NLGI National Lubricating Grease Institute (U.S.)
NMHC non-methane hydrocarbons
NMMA National Marine Manufacturers Association
NMOG non-methane organic gases
NORA National Oil Recyclers Association
NOx nitrogen oxide
NPRA National Petrochemical & Refiners Association (U.S.)
NPRM notice of proposed rulemaking (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
NRC Natural Resources Canada
NRCC National Research Council of Canada
NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
NSPS New Source Performance Standard (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
NUTEK Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth
NVFEL National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
NVFL National Vehicle and Fuel Lab (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
OBD on-board diagnostic
OBD-II on-board diagnostic II
OCP olefin copolymer
ODI oil drain interval
OECA Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
OEM original equipment manufacturer
OFA Oxygenated Fuels Association
OMB Office of Management and Budget (U.S.)
OMS Office of Mobile Sources (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
ORD octane requirement decrease
ORD Office of Research and Development (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
ORI octane requirement increase
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (U.S.)
OTA Office of Technology Assessment (U.S. Department of Energy)
OTAG Ozone Transport Assessment Group
OTAQ Office of Transportation and Air Quality (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
OTC Ozone Transport Commission
OXCAT oxidation catalyst
PADD Petroleum Administration for Defense District (U.S.)
PAG Polyalkylene glycol
PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
PAJ Petroleum Association of Japan
PAO polyalphaolefin
PAPTG Product Approval Protocol Task Group (Chemical Manufacturers Association)
PBA polybutene amine
PC proposed classification
PCB Polychlorinated biphenyl
PCEO passenger car engine oil
PCFV Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles
PCMO passenger car motor oil
PCTFE Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
PCV positive crankcase ventilation
PDS product data sheet
PDVSA Petroleos de Venezuela (Venezuelan state oil and natural gas company)
PE Pentaerythritol
PEA polyether amine
PERT Pilot Emission Reduction Trading Project
PEV plug-in electric vehicle
PFI port fuel injection
PFPE Perfluoroalkylpolyether
PIB polyisobutylene
PIBA polyisobutylene amine
PIBSA polyisobutyl succinic anhydride
PM particulate matter
PM Pensky-Martin
PM preventive maintenance
PM10 particulate matter less than 10 microns diameter
PM2.5 particulate matter less than 2.5 microns diameter
PMA polymethacrylate
PMAA Petroleum Marketers Association of America
PNA polynuclear aromatic
PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (U.S.)
PO Propylene oxide
POP population of vehicles
PPA Polyphthalamide
PPD pour point depressant
ppm parts per million
PSIP Periodic Smoke Inspection Program
PTB pounds per 1,000 barrels
PTIT Petroleum Technical Institute of Thailand
PTO Power take-off
PTT Petroleum Authority of Thailand
PUL premium unleaded gasoline
PVL permanent viscosity loss
PZEV Partial zero emitting vehicle
QPL Qualified Products List (U.S. military)
R&O rust and oxidation
RACT reasonably available control technology
RAF reactivity adjustment factor
RBOB reformulated (gasoline) blendstock for oxygenate blending
RBOT rotating bomb oxidation test
RFA Renewable Fuels Association
RFG reformulated gasoline
RME rapeseed methyl ester
ROG reactive organic gases
RON research octane number
RSI Registration Systems, Inc. (Chemical Manufacturers Association monitoring agency)
RUL regular unleaded gasoline
RVP Reid vapor pressure
RWD rear-wheel drive
SAE Society of Automotive Engineers
SASH sulfated ash
SBE severity bias estimate
SCAQM South Coast Air Quality Management (California)
SCF speed correction factors
SCOWT sprig clutch overrunning wear test
SCPI Sequential Central Port Injector
SCR selective catalytic reduction
SDS safety data sheet
SEA Selective Enforcement Audit
SHED sealed housing evaporative determination
SIB sulfurized isobutylene
SIDI spark ignition direct injection
SIGMA Society of Independent Gasoline Marketers of America
SIP State Implementation Plan
SMR Svenska Mekanisters Riksforenig (Swedish association of mechanical engineers)
SNPRM supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
SNV Schweizeische Normenvereiniung (Swiss Association for Standardization)
SOF soluble organic fraction
SSU Saybolt Second Universal (same as SUS)
STAPPA State and Territorial Air Pollution Program Administration
STLE Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
STOU super tractor oil universal
SULEV super ultra-low emission vehicle
SUS Saybolt Universal Second (same as SSU)
SUV sport utility vehicle
SwRI Southwest Research Institute
TAC toxic air contaminant
TAG Technical Advisory Group (Chemical Manufacturers Association)
TAN total acid number
TBD thousand barrels per day
TBI throttle body injection
TBN total base number
TCF temperature correction factors
TCW-3 water cooled 2-cycle engine oil specification
TDC top dead center
TEL tetraethyl lead
TEOST thermal-oxidation engine oil simulation test
TERP Texas Emissions Reduction Program
TFB Swedish transport research board
TFOUT thin film oxygen uptake test
TGF top groove fill
THF tractor hydraulic fluid
THOT turbo hydramatic oxidation test
TISI Thailand Industrial Standards Institute
TLEV transitional low-emission vehicle
TMA Truck Manufacturers Association
TMC Test Monitoring Center (ASTM)
TMC The Maintenance Council
TME tall methyl ester
TO-2/4 Caterpillar transmission oil specification
TO-X heavy-duty diesel engine oil specification
TOG total organic gases
TOST turbine oxidation stability test
TOU tractor oil universal
TRC Transportation Research Center
TRI Toxic Release Inventory (U.S.)
TTC Transportation Technology Center (Association of American Railroads)
TUV Technischer überwachungs Verien (German association for technical inspection)
TVL temporary viscosity loss
TWD total weighted demerit
UEIL Union Européenne des Indépendants en Lubrifiants (European union of independent lubricant manufacturers)
UKOIA U.K. Oil Independents Association
UKPIA U.K. Petroleum Industry Association
UL unleaded gasoline
ULEV ultra low emission vehicle
ULSD ultra low sulfur diesel
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
USCAR United States Council for Automotive Research
USLD ultra low sulfur diesel
USS U.S. Steel
UTF universal tractor fluid
UTTO universal tractor transmission oil
VGO vacuum gas oil
VGRA viscosity grade read across
VI viscosity index
VII viscosity index improver
VMT vehicle miles traveled
VOC volatile organic compound
VOF volatile organic fraction
VTEC variable valve timing and lift electronic control
VTWT valve train wear test
VVT variable valve timing
WSIM water separation index modified
WSPA Western States Petroleum Association
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development
ZDP/ZDTP zinc dithiophosphate
ZEV zero emission vehicle
ZF ZF Friedrichshafen (pronounced “Zed F,” German gear manufacturer)

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