EVs by Manufacturer

The marques, models and electrification strategies of the world’s major passenger automakers, updated regularly.

AC

Number of BEVs
1

Models
Cobra

Strategy
The Cobra is the stuff of motoring legend. The souped-up British-American roadster has been resurrected again as a very limited edition battery EV. A range of 150 miles comes from a 54 kWh battery and the 230 watt motor delivers zero to 60 miles per hour in 6.7 seconds. The Tesla Model 3 punts up to 60 from a standing start in 3.2 seconds and goes 250 miles on a charge.

Aiways

Number of BEVs
1

Models
Aiways U5

Strategy
In 2020, Chinese startup Aiways will launch an all-electric SUV called the U5. The company is aiming for production capacity of 300,000 vehicles per year. The company is backed by the Shangrao Mingchi New Energy Innovation Center.

Aston Martin

Number of BEVs
1

Models
Aston Martin Rapid E (postponed)

Strategy
Despite a cash injection to the tune of £182 million from a Canadian investor, the British luxury carmaker Aston Martin has put the brakes on the limited edition, all-electric Rapide E, which was unveiled to great fanfare in April 2019. The company will focus on ICE vehicles instead.

The car was developed in partnership with Williams Advanced Engineering and would have had a 65-kilowatt battery pack and two electric motors for combined output of 610 horsepower. The battery could be fully charged in around an hour using a 100-kW charger. At full charge, the Rapide E would have been able to travel up to 320 kilometers. Limited to 155 units, the Rapide E was set to do zero to 100 km per hour in 4.5 seconds and has a top speed of 250 km/h.

BAIC Motor (Beijing, Beijing Benz, Beijing Hyundai, Beijing Electric Vehicle Company, Fujian Benz)

Number of BEVs
10

Models
BAIC EX450
BAIC S5EV
BAIC EC5
BAIC EX3
BAIC EU7
BAIC Rulli DoDa EV160
BAIC EX5
BAIC EU5 R500 & R600 EV
BAIC EX400L/ET400
Mercedes-Benz EQ

Strategy
BJEV, the EV subsidiary of BAIC Motor Co., launched its latest BEV in September 2019. Another six models across three BEV platforms will be produced in the coming two years. The manufacturer sold more than 165,000 units in 2018, second only to Tesla in terms of yearly sales. BAIC’s fully electric EU series was the most popular EV in China between January and August, with more than 65,000 units registered. The company is also known for the all-electric EX and EC Series of passenger cars.

According to Bloomberg New Energy Finance, BAIC netted more than U.S. $4 billion in revenue from EVs in 2018. In July 2019, the company picked up a 5% share of Mercedes-Benz’s parent company Daimler, which was already a minority shareholder in BJEV. The Daimler-BAIC JV began sales of its EQC SUV in early November 2019.

BMW Group (BMW, Mini, Rolls-Royce)

Number of BEVs
2

Models
BMW i3
Mini Electric

Strategy
German high-end carmaker BMW has an ambitious target to sell 1 million electrified passenger cars by the end of 2021. The company also plans to produce 25 electrified models by 2023, a goal that was originally set for 2025. According to BMW, more than half of these 25 models will be fully electric. BMW has opted for flexible vehicle architectures, allowing it to fit various models with different drivetrains, including fully electric.

The all-electric portfolio will comprise the iX3, built by the company’s Chinese joint venture BMW Brilliance Automotive, the iNext (in 2021) and the i4 (in 2022), with the current i3 discontinued by then.

In October 2019, U.K. car publication Auto Express reported that BMW might be planning an all-electric version of the new 1 Series.

The Mini marque celebrated its 60th anniversary with the global launch of the Mini Electric, which entered into production in November 2019.

Rolls-Royce will launch its first battery EV in the next decade, CEO Torsten Müller-Ötvös said earlier in the year. While the platform underpinning the Phantom and the Cullinan SUV is designed to accommodate an all-electric power train, a future Rolls-Royce BEV is likely to be a standalone model.

Bollinger Motors

Number of BEVs
2

Models
Bollinger 1
Bollinger 2

Strategy
Founded in 2015 by owner Robert Bollinger, Michigan, United States-based Bollinger Motors aims to build two Landrover-inspired BEVs – the Bollinger 1 SUV and Bollinger 2. The vehicles are expected to enter into production in 2020 with first deliveries expected in early 2021.

BYD (BYD, Denza)

Number of BEVs
14

Models
BYD e1
BYD e2 EV
BYD e3 EV
BYD SA2 EV (E2a & ELB)
BYD S2
BYD Quin EV450
BYD Quin Pro EV
BYD Song EV500
BYD Song Max EV
BYD Song Max DM MPV
BYD Tang EV 5
BYD Yuan EV535
BYD Tang EV 7
Denza X EV

Strategy
BYD, which stands for the affirmative Build Your Dreams, is one of China’s major EV players, with interests in battery development as well as establishing a presence outside the country. Its newly launched e2, e3 and Qin EV are expected to drive BYD’s sales in the first half of 2020, bolstering the company’s already 24% share of China’s new energy vehicle market in the first half of 2019, according to the company’s interim report.

In July 2019, BYD’s partnership with Toyota officially began for the development of China-only BEVs, and in November the two companies set up a 50-50 JV to that end. The company already has a 50-50 JV with Germany’s Daimler and presented its latest offering, the Denza X EV, in October 2019.

Byton

Number of BEVs
1

Models
M-Byte

Strategy
It’s been a rough time for the Chinese startup Byton. Having got into financial hot water because of the COVID-19 pandemic, but managed to scrape through. Its M-Byte is a fairly attractive car with snazzy features, such as a full-width display dash.

Changan Motors

Number of BEVs
4

Models
Niou II EV
Qushang A600EV
Eado ET
CS25 E-pro

Strategy
Changan joined with Chinese startup Aiways and manufacturer Jiangling Motor Corp. to set up Jiangling Holding. Aiways will have a 50% share with the remainder split between Changan and Jiangling Motor.

While its JVs with Suzuki and PSA fell through, Changan retains partnerships with Ford Motor Co. and Mazda. Changan-Ford aims to launch 10 electrified passenger cars in China through 2021. Changan-Mazda, too, is looking to introduce its first BEV in 2019, which will use mostly Changan components in a Mazda-designed body. In China, Changan is partnered with EV startup Nio, forming Changan Nio New Energy Vehicle Technology to develop and launch BEVs and HEVs.

Changhe

Number of BEVs
3

Models
Ideal EV3
Ideal EVS3
Ideal EV5

Strategy
BAIC subsidiary Changhe badges BEVs under the name Ideal, which are manufactured in the city of Jiujiang in eastern China. The company reportedly has annual BEV production capacity of 50,000 units.

Chery (BYD, Denza)

Number of BEVs
4

Models
Chery eQ
Chery eQ1
Chery Arrizo 5e
Chery Tiggo e

Strategy
Despite being one of the first Chinese BEV manufacturers, Chery has fallen behind its competitors. It currently offers four EVs.

While it is Jaguar Land Rover’s Chinese partner in a local JV, Chery does not build the luxury British-Indian carmaker’s I-Pace in China, even though plans to that end were floated in 2018.

Daimler (Mercedes-Benz, Smart)

Number of BEVs
7

Models
Mercedes-Benz EQB
Mercedes-Benz EQC SUV
Mercedes-Benz EQS
Mercedes-Benz EQV
Smart ForTwo Electric Drive
Smart ForTwo Cabrio
Electric Drive
Smart ForFour Electric Drive

Strategy
Daimler’s Mercedes-Benz rolled out its EQ range with the EQC SUV, which went on sale early 2019. The EQC will likely be followed by other models in the range of various specifications and price points. The company plans to launch the higher-end EQS and the EQV, an electric minivan based on the existing V Class, both around 2020. The next BEV will likely be the EQB in 2021, which is based on the conventional GLB SUV model. An all-electric G Class was confirmed in November 2019.

By 2022, Mercedes-Benz will offer 10 BEVs. The EQ-initiative is backed by an investment worth €10 billion, with another €1 billion earmarked for investment in battery production. It has secured contracts for battery cells through 2030 for a total value of €20 billion.

Earlier in 2019, Daimler’s Smart switched over to an all-electric lineup. The revamp of the Smart ForTwo and Smart ForFour models, first unveiled at Frankfurt, marked the full changeover to electric.

DearCC (DearCC, Enovate)

Number of BEVs
3

Models
DearCC EV10
Enovate MU7
Enovate ME-S

Strategy
Shaoxing-based startup DearCC was founded in 2015 and offers the EV10. In 2018, the company launched the upmarket label Enovate, which debuted an all-electric SUV, the MU7, the following year. Enovate also aims to launch the ME-S in 2021. DearCC began construction of as new BEV manufacturing facility in early 2019 with annual capacity of 60,000 vehicles.

Dongfeng (Fengguang, Fengshen, Jungfeng, Venucia)

Number of BEVs
13

Models
Dongfeng E70
Dongfeng Glory E3
Jungfeng ER30
Jungfeng E17
Jungfeng E11k
Jungfeng EV30
Jungfeng M5EV
Jungfeng S50EB
Jungfeng ES500
Jungfeng E70
Jungfeng EC360
Venucia e30
Venucia D60EV

Strategy
Dongfeng celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2019 with the launch of the Glory E3. While it has not been confirmed, the Glory E3 is likely to use the e-CMP architecture, jointly developed with PSA of France in tandem with the PSA’s modular vehicle underpinning known as CMP. The vehicle architecture can accommodate both ICE and BEV drive trains, with the e-CMP retooled specifically for BEVs.

Dongfeng has a dedicated EV brand, Junfeng, which offers a full range of all-electric passenger cars. Jungfeng has cooperation agreements with Changan and FAW.

Venucia, originally a marque under the Dongfeng Nissan umbrella, was spun off in 2017 to operate as a separate Dongfeng subsidiary.

Dorcen

Number of BEVs
2

Models
Dorcen E20
Dorcen G60 E

Strategy
Dorcen is the brainchild of Wu Hao, son of former Zotye Chairman Wu Jianzhong, and was founded in 2018. The company is part of Jintan Auto Group and was formerly known as the JMCG Light Vehicle Company. Dorcen offers the E20 all-electric city car and an electric version of the G60 SUV is to follow, called the G60 E.

e.GO

Number of BEVs
1

Models
e.GO Life

Strategy
e.Go is a German startup established in 2015. It will begin sales of its first BEV, the e.GO Life, in 2020. The 3.3-meter-long city car will be available in three versions fitted with a 14.5 kWh, 17.5 kWh or 23.5 kWh battery pack. The company operates from the city of Aachen, on the border with the Netherlands.

FAW (Haima, Hongqi, FAW, Volkswagen, FAW Toyota)

Number of BEVs
10

Models
FAW R7 EV400
FAW Bestune X40 EV400
Haima E1
Haima E3
Haima E7
Hongqi E-HS3
Hongqi E-HS9
FAW-Toyota IOZA
FAW-Volkswagen e-Golf
FAW-Volkswagen e-Bora

Strategy
Founded in 1953, FAW is China’s oldest car manufacturer and has established partnerships with global heavyweights VW, Toyota and Mazda. 4FAW’s other marques are Hongqi and Bestune, as well as subsidiary Haima.

FAW already sells an electric version of the Toyota CH-R, badged as the Ioza, and signed an agreement with Toyota in September 2019 to develop and market hybrids, plug-in hybrids, fuel-cell EVs and BEVs in China. The FAW-Volkswagen partnership makes the e-Golf and e-Bora. The Hongqi E-HS9 SUV is expected to go on sale in China in late 2020.

Subsidiary Haima launched a new range of e-models in 2018, the first of which has been launched, and eventually could include an SUV.

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Dodge, Fiat, Jeep, Lancia, Maserati, RAM)

Number of BEVs
1

Models
Fiat 500

Strategy
Italian-American Fiat Chrysler Automobiles in October announced its merger with PSA Group of France, creating the world’s fourth-largest automaker in terms of production and sales. At this stage, it is still too early to predict what this move will mean for FCA’s electrification strategy. The company’s original plans called for 10 BEVs over the next five years. By 2022, its Jeep and Maserati marques will make four BEVs each and Fiat will launch electric versions of its new 500 and 500 Giardiniera.

At present, the group’s only BEV is the 500e, available in the U.S. Also, the group began retooling its Mirafiori plant in Italy in July 2019 for the production of the all-new Fiat 500e for the European market. Production is expected to begin in Spring 2020. Over time, the 500e will be joined by a more affordable BEV, a model that Fiat hinted at in March when it presented the Centoventi concept.

Fisker

Number of BEVs
1

Models
Ocean

Strategy
U.S. EV maker Fisker has had a few bumps in the road getting its Ocean SUV off the ground. The California-based company has initially approached Volkswagen for a license to use the MEB platform, but negotiations are so far yet to conclude. The company signed a production contract with Austrian firm Magna Steyr, with work starting in 2022.

The car is aimed squarely at the So-Cal market, with components made from recycled plastics and a vegan interior.

Ford

Number of BEVs
12

Models
Mach 1
F-150

Strategy
Ford Motor Co. has earmarked $11 billion for investment in electrified vehicles, more than double its previously announced investment figure. By 2022, the U.S. giant aims to have 16 BEVs in its global lineup, with the first BEV launched in early 2020, tentatively called the Mach 1.

The electric F-150 pickup truck prototype is in motion, with sales of the electric pickup to start in 2022.

In 2023, Ford Europe will launch its first BEV using Volkswagen’s modular electric toolkit (known as MEB) architecture as part of July 2019 deal that saw the two manufacturers deepen cooperation. Ford aims so sell 600,000 MEB-based BEVs over a six-year period. Talks are underway for a second MEB model.

GAC Motor (Trumpchi, GAC Aion, GAC Ghangfeng)

Number of BEVs
6

Models
Trumpchi GS4 EV
Trumpchi GE3 EV
GAC Aion LX
GAC Aion S
GAC Ghangfeng Leopaard
CS9 EV
GAC Ghangfeng Leopaard Bing

Strategy
GAC sells its vehicles under the Trumpchi label and launched its first BEV in 2018, called the GS4 EV. The GS4 will also be sold under the Toyota label as part of an alliance between the Japanese manufacturer and GAC. The car was accompanied by the GE3 EV in June 2018.

The Chinese automaker also has other production JVs with Japanese giants Honda and Mitsubishi.

More BEVs are sold by GAC New Energy, often called GAC Aion, which introduced the Aion LX earlier in 2019. Deliveries began in October. Also available are the Aion S, which Toyota aims to sell as iA5.

GAC subsidiary Ghangfeng has its own Leopaard label for SUVs.

Geely (Geely, Jetour London EV Company, Lotus Cars, Lynk & Co, Polestar, Proton, Volvo Cars)

Number of BEVs
9

Models
Geely Emgrand EV450
Geely Geometry A
Geely Geometry C
Geely Emgrand GSe Cross EV450
Jetour X70S EV
Lotus Evija
Lotus Lambda
Polestar 2
Volvo XC40 P8

Strategy
Geely launched its new Geometry lineup in March 2019 with the Geometry A sedan, followed by the Geometry C hatchback. Another 10 BEVs are planned under the new brand name. Also in 2019, Geely snapped up a 50% share of Daimler microcar subsidiary Smart. The German company retains the other half.

Geely wants new energy vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid and battery EVs, to have a 90% share of sales in 2020.

Volvo Cars of Sweden introduced its first BEV in 2019, called the XC40 P8. A less powerful P4 version is due in the fourth quarter of 2021. The next-generation XC90 will also gain an electric drivetrain when it enters production in 2021. Three more BEVs are planned, each available with either a P4 or P8 drivetrain. By 2025, the company is aiming for half of its global sales to be from BEVs.

Volvo spin-off, Polestar, launched a BEV in 2019 as well, called the Polestar 2. The vehicle, billed as yet another luxury Tesla rival. Deliveries began in Europe in mid-2020 and will jostle for market share with Volvo’s XC40 P8 BEV. The Polestar 2 will eventually be joined by the Polestar 3, which is said to be an SUV.

Things at Lotus finally kicked into high gear with the unveiling of the Evija in 2019. Although production was scheduled to start in 2020, delays to testing have pushed back the delivery date to mid-2011. Limited to 130 units, the car will be powered by four electric motors capable of delivering 368 kW each. The Evija will likely carry a price tag of around $2 million. There are also plans to make the Lotus Lambda SUV available by the end of the year, with two more BEVs – the Sigma and the Alpha – in a few years.

The London EV Company, the entity behind the new all-electric TX taxi, is another Geely subsidiary. The TX became fully certified to carry customers at the end of 2017. The first delivery was made in January 2018.

General Motors (Chevrolet, Buick, GMC, Cadillac, Holden, Baojun, Wuling, Faw Jiefang)

Number of BEVs
7

Models
Baojun E100
Baojun E200
Buick Velite 6
Chevrolet Bolt
Chevrolet Menlo
Cadillac Lyriq
GMC Hummer

Strategy
The GM plans to introduce two more EVs in the next 18 months. In March 2019, the U.S. company said it would invest $300 million in its Orion Township manufacturing facility in Michigan for the production of a new Chevrolet BEV. The vehicle, one of the two aforementioned new models, will be based on lessons learned from the Chevrolet Bolt EV and will use an upgraded version of the BEV2 platform. The new vehicles will be offered alongside the Bolt. One of the new models was launched in China in November – the Chevrolet Menlo.

Another 20 BEVs are planned on a new modular EV platform over the next five years. The BEV3 architecture, as it is called, is an important component of efforts to achieve BEV profitability, as it will help reduce development time.

Cadillac, GM’s mature brand, plans to put its Lyriq BEV on the streets by 2022. The car is an SUV that Cadillac hopes will appeal to a younger audience. Specs place the car’s range at a respectable 300 miles using the GM Ultima battery, which is also slated for the Hummer EV. Yes, an electric version of the Hummer, which in its gasoline engine incarnation managed a deplorable 9 miles per gallon, is to hit the streets in 2021.

Great Wall Motor (Haval, Great Wall, Ora, Wey)

Number of BEVs
3

Models
Ora iQ5
Ora R1
Ora R2

Strategy
Great Wall Motor launched an all-electric vehicle brand in August 2018, named Ora. The company’s first, the iQ5, went on sale immediately after the launch of the brand. The R1 city car followed in January 2019, with the R2 slated for the following year. Another four models are scheduled for launch through 2022.

Groupe Renault (Renault, Dacia, Alpine, Lada, Renault Samsung Motors)

Number of BEVs
4

Models
Renault K-ZE
Renault Twizy,
Renault Zoe
Samsung SM3 ZE

Strategy
Renault upgraded its bestselling Zoe in September 2019, overhauling its all-electric drivetrain and interior and tweaking the exterior. Renault also introduced the China-only K-ZE in 2019.

The Renault Twingo, developed alongside the Smart ForTwo in partnership with Daimler, is likely to be fitted with a Daimler drivetrain in 2020. It will be one of eight BEVs planned through 2022, which will also include a model that will slot in above the Zoe in the marque’s lineup. Renault may also develop a new platform for BEVs with alliance partners Nissan and Mitsubishi.

Hawtai Motor (Renault, Dacia, Alpine, Lada, Renault Samsung Motors)

Number of BEVs
4

Models
Renault K-ZE
Renault Twizy
Renault Zoe
Samsung SM3 ZE

Strategy
Founded in 2000, Hawtai Motor produces its own vehicles, diesel engines and automatic transmissions.

Honda

Number of BEVs
2

Models
Honda-e
Guangqi Honda Everus VE-1

Strategy
Honda unveiled the production version of its Urban EV Concept at the Frankfurt International Auto Show in September 2019. Called the Honda-e, the car is available in two power outputs of 100 kW or 113 kW. Honda showcased a sister model, the Sports EV Concept, in Tokyo in 2017, hinting at the possibility of launching a second, similarly styled BEV.

In 2018, Guangqi Honda, the company’s JV with the GAC Group, presented the China-only Everus VE-1. It is based on the Honda Vezel, which is sold as the HR-V in other parts of the world.

Hyundai Motor Group (Hyundai, Kia)

Number of BEVs
4

Models
Models 
Hyundai Ioniq (first iteration BEV, PHEV and HEV sedan)
Hyundai Ioniq 5 SUV
Hyundai Ioniq 6 Sedan
Hyundai Ioniq 7 SUV
Hyundai Kona Electric
Kia Niro Electric
Kia e-Soul

Strategy
Hyundai announced in August 2020 it will launch its “rebirthed” all-electric Ioniq, comprising two SUVs and a sedan. Earlier in the year, the company said it would build an EV production line in Singapore to be open by October, where it plans to make 30,000 vehicles a year.

The Korean automaker has big plans to snag 10% of the global EV market. It showcased the Pony Coupe Concept at the Frankfurt International Auto Show in September 2019 and said its upcoming BEVs will take stylistic cues from it.

Hyundai also announced in 2019 it had joined the Ionity JV, which is working to roll out a network of fast chargers across Europe. Its partners are BMW, Ford, Daimler and the VW. Ionity chargers have a maximum output of 350 kW. In order to make full use of that capacity, vehicles would have to have 800 V architecture. So far, only Aston Martin and Porsche have such vehicles on offer. Hyundai and Kia will equip their vehicles with the technology by 2021. The alliance is targeting 14 BEVs by 2025.

JAC Motors (JAC, SOL)

Number of BEVs
6

Models
JAC iEV S4
JAC iEV 6e
JAC iEV 7S
JAC iEV A50 EV
JAC iEV A60 EV
SOL ex2

Strategy
JAC Motors sells its BEVs under the IEV name. Its most recent addition, the iEV S4, was launched at the 2019 Shanghai Motor Auto Show. In July 2018, JAC Motors, VW and Seat announced a partnership that will see the companies jointly set up a new research and development center to explore new energy vehicle designs.

The JAC-Volkswagen JV launched the first vehicle of the newly created SOL brand, the ex20, in September 2019.

Jiangling Motor Corp. (JMEV)

Number of BEVs
8

Models
JMEV E160
JMEV E200
JMEV E200S
JMEV E400
JMEV E50
JMEV E180
JMEV E300
JMEV E500

Strategy
Better known as JMC, the Chinese manufacturer is Ford’s partner. Ford has a 32% share in JMC. The company inaugurated its new energy vehicle production center earlier in 2019. It has a yearly production capacity of 100,000 JMEV vehicles. The JMEV JV is owned by Renault.

The JMEV E160, E200, E200S and E400 will be produced in Kunming, southwest China, and the E50, E180, E300 and E500 will follow in due course. The company has earmarked some $705 million for a new model lineup comprising all-electric SUVs and MPVs. It will develop three new platforms for a total of 10 models. JMEV is targeting a 10% share of China’s BEV market in 2020.

Kandi

Number of BEVs
2

Models
K23
K27

Strategy
Chinese EV maker Kandi began presales in mid-August in the United, becoming the first Chinese EV maker to crack the U.S. market. Not only that, the K27 compact will be the cheapest EV on offer in the U.S. market. Kandi says it is mulling a production facility in the U.S. to meet demand.

Leapmotor

Number of BEVs
2

Models
501
T03

Strategy
The Chinese startup Leapmotor has two models under its belt: the sporting 501 and the small T03

Lifan Motor

Number of BEVs
3

Models
330 EV
650 EV
C32E

Strategy
Lifan is a Chinese motorcycle and automobile manufacturer based in Chongqing. It mostly builds internal combustion engine cars, microvans and motorcycles but also has a small range of EVS. Its claim to fame is a trademark dispute with Honda over Lifan’s “Hongda” brand. Honda won its suit.

Lucid

Number of BEVs
2

Models
Air
SUV

Strategy
This luxury rival to Tesla was set to launch its debut Air in September 2020. The company claims it is the fastest-charging passenger EV on offer and can drive more than 500 miles on a single 300 kW charge. At $150,000, Tesla doesn’t need to look in the rearview mirror just yet for competition.

The company also announced an SUV was in the works, based on the Air platform.

Mahindra Automotive (Mahindra, Automobili Pininfarina, SsangYong)

Number of BEVs
4

Models
SsangYong Korando e-SUV
Mahindra e2o plus
Mahindra eVerito
Pininfarina Battista

Strategy
One of 11 group companies, India’s Mahindra Automotive serves the European market with its SsangYong brand. Mahindra acquired the South Korean company in 2011.

In the first quarter of 2021, SsangYong will launch its first BEV – an electrified version of the petrol Korando SUV.

While Mahindra’s own BEVs are small, low-end models, it also operates at the top end of the market through Automobili Pininfarina, which unveiled its Battista earlier in 2019. Production will be limited to 150 vehicles, which will be priced at around €2 million, excluding taxes. A second Pininfarina BEV is expected in 2021 and will be an SUV.

Mazda

Number of BEVs
1

Models
Mazda MX-30

Strategy
Mazda presented its first BEV – the MX-30, based on Mazda’s own EV architecture – at the Tokyo Motor Show in October 2019. In 2017, Mazda teamed up with Japan’s Toyota and automotive technology developer Denso to establish EV C.A. Spirit, a JV aimed at developing basic EV architecture. Suzuki, Subaru, Hino Motors and Daihatsu joined EV C.A. Spirit in early 2018.

Mitsubishi Motors

Number of BEVs
1

Models
Mitsubishi Eupheme EV

Strategy
Mitsubishi showcased the e-Evolution Concept in 2018, hinting at the launch of an all-electric SUV in the near future. It presented the China-only Eupheme EV later that year through the GAC-Mitsubishi JV.

Nio

Number of BEVs
3

Models
ES6
ES8
EP9

Strategy
Chinese startup Nio is pitched by some as the Chinese Tesla, and has indeed received considerable financial backing after an NYSE listing in September 2018, signaling investor confidence in its offering, at least then. The company has since faced an uphill battle, suffering losses of $390 million and $462 million in the first and second quarters of 2019. It also slashed its workforce by 2,100 people. To make matters worse, Nio recalled close to 5,000 units of its ES8 SUV following battery fires.

Things took and upward turn in 2020, when the company went back into the black with solid sales figures and hitting market value of $20 billion in August.

Nissan Motor Corp. (Nissan, Infiniti, Datsun)

Number of BEVs
2

Models
Nissan Leaf
Nissan Sylphy ZE

Strategy
Nissan introduced the Leaf e+ in 2019, an upgraded version of the Leaf, carrying a 60-kWh battery pack instead of the 40-kWh version fitted in the regular Leaf. Nissan uses the Leaf platform for the China-only Sylphy BEV, produced by Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle Co., Nissan’s Chinese JV. Dongfeng Nissan aims to launch another five BEVs, which will be badged Nissan, Venucia and Dongfeng.

In total, Nissan is targeting development of eight new BEVs over the coming four years, including a crossover EV based on the IMx concept and a so-called “kei,” or light car, the smallest class of highway-legal motor vehicles in Japan. Between 2021 and 2025, Nissan’s luxury division Infiniti will also make a BEV.

PSA Group (Peugeot, Citroën, DS, Opel, Vauxhall)

Number of BEVs
11

Models
Citroën C-Zero
Citroën E-Mehari
Citroën E-Berlingo
DS3 Cross Back E-Tense
Opel Ampera-E
Opel Corsa-E
Peugeot e-208
Peugeot e-2008
Peugeot iOn
Peugeot Tepee Electric
Peugeot e-Boxer

Strategy
In 2019, PSA Group launched four new BEVs across three brands. The DS3 Cross Back E-Tense, Opel Corsa-E and the two Peugeot e-models all share the group’s modular e-CMP platform, co-developed with Chinese JV partner Dongfeng. All four cars will go on sale in 2020.

The Citroën C-Zero and Peugeot iOn, based on the aged Mitsubishi iMiEV, are expected to be phased out. In late October, PSA and FCA announced a merger, creating one of the world’s largest automotive groups.

The e-Boxer van is also on its way, with sales anticipated to begin in early next year.

Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi

Number of BEVs
0

Models
none

Strategy
This three-company alliance formed by Renault, Nissan and Mitsubishi aims to present 12 BEVs over the next four years. The models will be based on common platforms and share components. It is unclear how the stated plan relates to claims by Renault and Nissan to launch eight BEVs each.

Rivian

Number of BEVs
1

Models
R1T

Strategy
XX

SAIC Motor (Roewe, MG, Maxus)

Number of BEVs
4

Models
Roewe ei5
Roewe Marvel X
Roewe ERX5
Roewe ER6
MG ZS ev

Strategy
SAIC Motor includes SAIC-General Motors and SAIC-Volkswagen, among other JVs, as well as Roewe and MG. Roewe launched its first BEV sedan, the ER6, in 2020.

SAIC reintroduced the MG badge in Europe with the launch of ZS SUV in 2019. MG plans to make a station wagon (estate) called the MG5.

Subaru

Number of BEVs
0

Models
none

Strategy
To date, Subaru does not produce an EV but does make a hybrid. The company reached an agreement in 2019 with Toyota on the joint development of a new EV platform. While it will initially be developed for a compact SUV, it could also underpin sedans in the C and D segments of the market.

Suzuki

Number of BEVs
0

Models
none

Strategy
Apart from Suzuki’s proposed participation in the EV Common Architecture Spirit JV with Toyota, Mazda and Denso, little is known about the company’s strategy for BEVs. Maruti Suzuki, the company’s Indian JV, may launch a BEV in India 2020.

Rivian

Number of BEVs
2

Models
Rivian R1T
Rivian R1S

Strategy
U.S. company Rivian has its two all-electric models ready for preorder. The R1T pickup truck and the R1S SUV will enter into production in the second half of 2020. Rivian is backed by Amazon, among others, including Ford, which invested $500 million in the company in April 2019.

Tata Motors (Tata, Jaguar, Land Rover)

Number of BEVs
2

Models
Jaguar I-Pace
Tata Nexon EV

Strategy
Tata Motors announced in 2019 that it would launch its first BEV, the Nexon EV, in the first quarter of 2020. Jaguar, too, will launch a new BEV in 2020, known as the XJ. Jaguar’s flagship model for the past 51 years, the XJ will no longer be available with an internal combustion engine. It will be built at Castle Bromwich, U.K., where, according to Jaguar Land Rover, “a range of new electrified vehicles” will come off the assembly line.

In June 2019, Jaguar Land Rover announced a tie-up with BMW Group for the development of next-generation electric drive units.

Tesla Motors

Number of BEVs
6

Models
Model 3
Model S
Model X
Model Y
Cybertruck
Roadster

Strategy
Tesla’s 1 millionth vehicle rolled off the line in March 2020, a milestone made possible by ramping up production of its entry-level Model 3 in 2019. The car is sailing past sales of 500,000 units alone and is now the bestselling BEV in the world, with Tesla knocking out as many units in two-and-a-half years as the Nissan Leaf has in 10. The Model 3 tops the charts in the U.S., the U.K., Italy, Norway and the Netherlands, among others.

In 2017, the Californian company’s founder Elon Musk unveiled the Roadster, in 2018 the Model Y – a crossbreed of the Model 3 and Model X – and in 2019, the much vaunted Cybertruck. Production of all three is expected late in 2020 or in 2021.

The company opened a fully automated production line in Shanghai in early 2020, announced plans to build another with an engineering and design center in Berlin and started construction of yet another in Austin, Texas dedicated to making the Cybertruck. There are reports that Musk has Greece in mind for a plant too.

Reservations for the Cybertruck began in China in mid-2020, in order to gauge interest for the all-electric heavy-duty utility vehicle elsewhere. The online ordering process gave people the chance to reserve the futuristic pickup for RMB 1000 ($141). Uptake has been disappointing, news reports stated.

Togg

Number of BEVs
2

Models
SUV
Sedan

Strategy
The Turkish EV Togg is in production. The company selected Germany as its first export market, where there is a sizeable population of expat Turks.

Toyota Motor Corp. (Toyota, Lexus, Daihatsu)

Number of BEVs
2

Models
Toyota CH-R EV
Toyota ix4
Lexus UX 300e

Strategy
Japanese giant Toyota wants half of its worldwide sales to be electrified by 2025, equating to 5.5 million units, a target that it previously set for 2030. It already achieves part of this 5.5. million with its famous Prius hybrid, but also wants a further 1 million units to be BEVs and fuel-cell EVs.

At the 2019 Tokyo Motor Show, the company showcased its range of ultra-compact BEVs, hinting the company will be moving into the all-electric city car segment in the near future.

Its first BEV model was introduced in China earlier in the year, known as the Guangzhou-Toyota CH-R. Toyota in China already offered the rebadged GAC GS4, selling it as ix4. Chinese company FAW will sell the model as the Ioza.

Toyota is currently also working with Subaru on the vehicle architecture for a new all-electric SUV.

In 2019, Toyota also concluded agreements with Chinese companies BYD and Contemporary Amperex Technology Company, or CATL, for the supply of batteries for future EVs. It will also set up a 50-50 JV with BYD for the development and rollout of new BEVs for the Chinese market.

At the November 2019 Guangzhou International Motor Show, the upmarket Lexus brand unveiled its first BEV, the UX 300e, based on the sub-compact gasoline engine UX SUV. The order books were open to buyers in Europe and China in August 2020. The UX 300e is an attempt to lure customers from the Tesla Y and the Volvo XC40. Lexus also registered the name RZ 450e, reportedly another BEV designed from scratch as a battery car.

Number of BEVs
2

Volkswagen Group (Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Cupra, Lamborghini, Seat, Skoda, Porsche, Volkswagen)

Number of BEVs
12

Models
Audi Q2 E-tron
Audi E-tron (and Audi E-tron Sportback)
Skoda Citigo e iV
Seat Mii Electric
Volkswagen e-Up
Volkswagen e-Golf
Volkswagen e-Bora (FAW)
Volkswagen e-Lavida (SAIC)
Volkswagen ID.3
Volkswagen ID.4
Porsche Taycan
Porsche Cross Turismo

Strategy
Volkswagen Group upped the ante in 2019 when it announced it will launch close to 70 new electric models, instead of a previously announced 50, over the next decade. The German car giant is targeting production of up to 22 million such vehicles in the coming 10 years. More than €30 billion is earmarked for electrification alone, and EVs will have a 40%share of the group’s fleet by 2030. Battery procurement agreements are in place with Chinese venture CATL, as well as Korean companies LG Chem, SK Innovation and Samsung.

VW kicked off its move toward EVs with the ID.3 in September 2019. Production began in November, with first deliveries expected in the middle of 2020. Three versions are planned, with the 420-km, mid-range model to launch first. VW wants the ID.3 to become as iconic as the Beetle or the Golf before it.

The ID.4 SUV will be the second model of the family of five ID vehicles. Production began in mid-2020 in the Zwickau plant.

At the 2019 Los Angeles Auto Show, VW showcased the ID Space Vizzion station wagon concept, which should hit markets at the end of 2021.

The ID models use VW’s so-called modular electrification toolkit platform, to which Ford gained access as part of a comprehensive agreement between the two manufacturers in 2019. The platform will also be used by VW subsidiaries Skoda and Seat. The latter will launch a rebadged version of the ID.3, tentatively called El Born, while Skoda will use the MEB for a coupe-style SUV based on its Kodiaq. Both are slated for launch in 2020.

The three brands – Seat, Skoda and Volkswagen – also launched an upgraded version of the group’s all-electric supermini in 2019 (Seat Mii Electric, Skoda Citigo e iV and the VW e-Up.) Seat will launch six electric models by 2021, while Skoda is targeting five by 2025.

Audi began deliveries of its E-tron in 2019 and unveiled the E-tron Sportback in Los Angeles in November. In China, the German luxury brand sells the Q2 E-tron. By 2025, Audi aims to have 20 BEVs in its model lineup. The marque’s upcoming launch is the E-tron GT, which shares its underpinnings with the Porsche Taycan.

The Taycan was unveiled in September at the Frankfurt International Motor Show. It is available with three different power outputs, and will be joined by a Cross Turismo-version in 2021.

Porsche in 2019 also announced that the 2021 replacement for the Macan SUV would be all-electric. Porsche has a 15.5% share in Croatian manufacturer Rimac Automobili, which produces electric supercars.

Bugatti presented an all-electric, three-quarter-scale version of the legendary Type 35 in 2019. Labelled the Baby II, all 500 planned units were sold within three weeks. While no Bugatti BEV is planned for the foreseeable future, CEO Stephan Winkelmann said in March 2019 that he could foresee the brand “doing a battery EV.”

Luxury marque Bentley is working towards building a BEV and believes there would be demand for one from its customers, Chief Executive Adrian Hallmark said in July 2019. However, Hallmark thinks battery technology that meets Bentley’s requirements will not be available until after 2025.

Supercar manufacturer Lamborghini believes current battery technology cannot deliver the level of performance that its clientele expects from the marque, and so is working with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to develop one. Tests are expected to conclude in 2019, after which time Lamborghini might commence the development of an EV.

WM Motors

Number of BEVs
1

Models
EX5

Strategy
WM Motors launched in 2018 with the EX5 SUV in China. WM, short for Weltmeister (German for “world champion), raised €400 million in 2019 for continued research and development efforts. As of September 2019, WM had sold some 16,000 units of its EX5. The company is backed by Baidu, a Chinese multinational internet technology company.

Yema Auto (Levdeo)

Number of BEVs
3

Models
i3
i5
i9

Strategy
Set up in the 1980s but reorganized under the name Yema Auto in 2019, the Chinese manufacturer offers BEVs under the Levdeo label. Its three models were launched in the summer of 2018.

Zedriv

Number of BEvs
4BEVs

Models
GC1
GC2
GX5
GT3

Strategy
In 2019, Chinese dealership Sinomach Automobile Co. launched the all-electric Zedriv brand. The first model came off the Ganzhou assembly line in August, where 100,000 BEVs can be built per year at full capacity. A total of 16 models are slated for launch by 2023.

Zetta

Number of BEVs
1

Models
City Module 1

Strategy
The ethos of the Soviet car industry lives on in the functionally named and affordable and City Module 1 BEV. With a price tag of €5,200, it may replace the Trabant as the quintessential Russian ride.

Zotye Automobile

Number of BEVs
2

Models
E200
Z500 EV

Strategy
Zotye Automobile, a subsidiary of Zotye Holding, is a privately owned Chinese conventional automaker. In 2019, Zotye and Ford set up Zotye Ford Automobile Co., a 50-50 joint venture that will concentrate on the development and manufacturing of BEVs and target output of 100,000 units per year. Meanwhile, Zotye Automobile is aiming for 1 million units, including new energy vehicles, sold by 2025.

Startups, Newcomers and Other Known BEV Manufacturers 

Aspark (Japan)
CHJ Automotive (China)
Evergrande New Energy Automotive Group (China)
Foton (China)
Hang Teng (China)
Henan Suda (China)
Hybrid Kinetic (China)
Faraday Future (U.S./China)
First One Mile Mobility (Thailand)
Fresco Motors (Norway)
Lightyear (The Netherlands)
Link Tour (China)
Luxgen (China)
Kaiyun Motors (China)
Microlino (Germany)
Neuron (U.S.)
Neta (China)
Ola Electric (India)
Qiantu Motors (China)
Qifeng (China)
Rimac Automobili (Croatia)
SF Motors (China/U.S.)
Singulato (China)
Sitech (China)
Sono Motors (Germany)
Sondors (China)
Soueast (China)
Thunder Power (China)
Uniti One (Sweden)
Weichai (China)
Yema (China)
Zacua (China)
Zhi Dou (China)
Zinoro (China)