This report covers the EMEA area, but the characteristics of base oil supply and demand differ significantly between Europe, the Middle East and Africa. In fact, each of those regions has multiple markets that can also be quite different. There is much variety, for example, between the subregions of Africa, from the relatively sophisticated markets in the South to parts of West Africa where the base oil scene has not changed since the late twentieth century.
The Middle East leans heavily on imports to quench its thirst for API Group I and to a lesser extent Group II base stocks, but it exports large quantities of Group III to global markets in Asia-Pacific, Europe and the United States. Refiners on the Red Sea and in Al Ruwais, United Arab Emirates do make some Group II.